One hundred days into Russia’s invasion of Ukraine, the war has brought the world a near-daily drumbeat of gut-wrenching scenes: civilian corpses in the streets of Bucha; a blown-up theatre in Mariupol; the chaos at a Kramatorsk train station in the wake of a Russian missile strike.
Those images tell just a part of the overall picture of Europe’s worst armed conflict in decades.
Here is a look at some numbers and statistics that – while in flux and at times uncertain – shed further light on the death, destruction, displacement and economic havoc wrought by the war as it reaches this milestone with no end in sight.
1. The Human Toll
Nobody really knows how many combatants or civilians have died, and claims of casualties by government officials – who may sometimes be exaggerating or lowballing their figures for public relations reasons – are all but impossible to verify.
2. The Devastation
Relentless shelling, bombing and air strikes have reduced large swathes of many cities and towns to rubble.
3. Fleeing Home
The UN refugee agency UNHCR estimates that about 6.8 million people have been driven out of Ukraine at some point during the conflict.
But since fighting subsided in the area near Kyiv and elsewhere, and Russian forces redeployed to the east and south, about 2.2 million have returned to the country, it says.
4. Land Seized
Ukrainian officials say that before the February invasion, Russia controlled some 7% of Ukrainian territory including Crimea, which Russia annexed in 2014, and areas held by the separatists in Donetsk and Luhansk. On Thursday, Mr Zelensky said Russian forces now held 20% of the country.
5. The Economic Fallout In Russia And Ukraine
The West has levied a host of retaliatory sanctions against Moscow, including on the crucial oil and gas sectors, and Europe is beginning to wean itself from its dependence on Russian energy.
… And The World (Shopping is increasingly expensive)
The fallout has rippled around the globe, further driving up costs for basic goods on top of inflation that was already in full swing in many places before the invasion.
Wheat supplies have been disrupted in African nations, which imported 44% of their wheat from Russia and Ukraine in the years immediately before the invasion. The African Development Bank has reported a 45% increase in continental prices for the grain, affecting everything from Mauritanian couscous to the fried doughnuts sold in Congo.