Governor of the Central Bank of Nigeria Godwin Emefiele on Tuesday arrived at the National Assembly to honour the request by the Senate joint committee on banking insurance and other financial institutions, (including ICT and cybercrime) over the recent ban on cryptocurrency in the country.
The decision by the Senate to invite the CBN governor is sequel to a motion by a federal lawmaker Senator Istifanus Gyang during plenary on February 11 on the CBN’s directive to stop financial institutions from transactions in cryptocurrencies and matters arising from them.
The federal lawmakers called for caution, pointing out that while cryptocurrency has its negative sides, it had become the fastest-growing form of transaction all over the world.
They argued that technology had changed the way business was conducted in Nigeria and the country could not run away from cryptocurrency.
The CBN had on February 5, ordered all banks to close accounts of anyone transactimg in cryptocurrency.
The order was contained in a circular to banks and other financial institutions, signed on Friday by the Director of Banking Supervision, Bello Hassan, and it is expected to take effect immediately.
According to the CBN, dealing in cryptocurrency or facilitating payments for it’s exchanges was prohibited.
“The Central Bank of Nigeria circular of January 12, 2017, ref FPR/DIR/GEN/CIR/06/010 which cautioned Deposit Money Banks (DMBs), Non-Bank Financial Institutions (NBFIs), other Financial Institutions and members of the public on the risk associated with transactions in cryptocurrency refers.
“Further to earlier regulatory directions on the subject, the bank hereby wishes to remind regulated institutions dealing in cryptocurrencies or facilitating payments for cryptocurrency exchanges is prohibited.
“Accordingly, all DMB’s NBFI’s or OFI’s are directed to identify persons and/or entities transacting in or operating cryptocurrency exchanges within their systems and ensure that such accounts are closed immediately.
“Please, note that breaches of this directive will attract severe regulatory sanctions. This letter is with immediate effect”, the CBN statement read.
The CBN further noted that the use of cryptocurrencies in Nigeria contravened existing laws.
The apex bank warned Deposit Money Banks (DMBs) to desist from transacting cryptocurrencies and dealing with entities who did.
According to the CBN, cryptocurrencies are “issued by unknown and unregulated entities” and are increasingly being used to conduct ”many illegal activities including money laundering, terrorism financing, purchase of small arms and light weapons, and tax evasion.”